• munjalcareredental@gmail.com
  • 519-886-0330

Diagnostic services

A typical dental check-up has two parts

Part one, by the dentist, is the visual examination, evaluation, diagnosis, and recommendations best suited for your needs.

Part two, by the dental hygienist, is the taking of any X-rays that may be required, teeth cleaning, polishing, plaque and tartar removal, periodontal (gum) probing, and oral hygiene instructions.

Some terminology that you may come across during your routine hygiene appointment are probing and ultra-sonic scaler. Ultra-sonic scaler is a dental instrument for removing sticky plaque and hard tartar from your teeth. Previously, dental hygienists used hand metal dental instruments to scrape teeth. They still do some of that, but the job is made much easier on you (and on them) by the use of an ultra-sonic scaler, which breaks down the bacterial cell walls that are responsible for the stickiness of plaque.

Periodontal Probing is measuring of the depth to which a probe can travel between the tooth and gum, an indicator of your gum health. The hygienist uses a periodontal probe to measure the depth of gum pockets and compare the new measurements to previous measurements to see if the pockets are getting deeper. If periodontal disease has already progressed, x-rays are used to see and compare with the previous ones to make a diagnosis.

Periodontal or gum and hygiene services

Periodontics deals with the gums and soft tissues of the mouth. Along with the jaw bones, gums hold teeth firmly in place and protect below-the-gum tooth surfaces, which lack protective enamel.

When gums are compromised, bacteria can slip into the vulnerable area between teeth and gums. The result may be tooth decay and/or gum infection resulting in loss of supporting bone.

How Can Gums be Compromised?

On tooth surfaces, we find a sticky colourless film called plaque. It contains a build-up of bacteria, which is what makes the substance sticky. Brushing and flossing regularly removes plaque before the salts in saliva act to harden it into calculus, a rough substance that irritates gums and interferes with the seal between gums and teeth.  If bacteria are left in contact with tooth surfaces too long, the result is caries (cavities).

If bacteria gets a purchase in gum tissue, infection results. If that continues long enough, gums pull away so far that teeth can loosen in their sockets, and eventually there may even be bone loss.

Danger Signs
  • Bleeding gums
  • Redness of gum tissue
  • Swelling of gums around the teeth
  • Breath odour
  • Receding gums
  • Mobility of teeth (loose teeth)

Solutions for a Gummy Smile

Gum Contouring – Some people find their smile has just too much gum and not enough tooth. When gums are extended far down on the surfaces of the teeth, less tooth enamel shows, so the teeth seem short. There is not necessarily anything wrong with this from a health standpoint, but from an esthetic point of view, it is good to know that an improvement can be made.

Crown Lengthening

Fracture of a tooth at the gum margin makes placement of crown difficult, hence repositioning of gum to expose the fracture margin often results in a properly contoured crown that looks more natural. Cosmetic crown lengthening requires re-sculpting of gum margins so the adjacent teeth look harmonious.

How to Begin

We believe that it’s easier than you think to achieve a beautiful smile, and a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums, if you are willing to take it one step at a time. No matter what condition your teeth and gums are in, right now is the best time to begin. An exam, x-rays, and pictures of your mouth can tell us everything we need to know to come up with a customized and step-by-step plan.

We work in close association with a few of the top specialists in the region, hence we don’t hesitate to refer you for a second opinion or procedure, if it is the best option for you.


Subscribe To Our Newsletter

    Preventative services

    There are two situations when teeth benefit from extra protection. One is when you are sleeping, and other one is when you are active— during athletics. The need is obvious for a dental guard while engaged in football, boxing, wrestling, hockey, baseball, and other sports dangerous to your teeth. Athletic guards prevent lost and broken teeth, thus avoiding thousands of dollars in dental expense.
    Night Guards & Athletic Guards
    Not so obvious is the need for a guard during the night. Some people have a night-time habit of grinding or clenching their teeth, sometimes putting a great deal of pressure on their natural teeth, replacement teeth and dental restorations, such as fillings and crowns. In addition, this can place too much pressure on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ or jaw joint), resulting in pain, headaches, and/or clicking noises when opening and closing the mouth.

    Ready-made athletic guards may be found at sporting goods stores, but there is little that can be done in the way of adjusting the fit. Such devices can be uncomfortable and even interfere with breathing and speaking, thus discouraging an athlete from wearing the device at all.  Given the importance of protecting your teeth and winning games, you might want to order a custom-made athletic guard that you will actually wear.

    Custom-Made Mouth Guards

    We can provide you with a custom-made night guard or athletic guard, consisting of a thin layer of molded plastic that fits snugly over your teeth, prevents the top teeth and bottom teeth from making contact, and (in the case of an athletic guard) protects you from blows to the mouth.

    During your first appointment, we will make impressions of your upper and lower teeth. These will be sent to a dental laboratory, where trained technicians will model and form the guard appliance. Dual-laminate mouth guards consist of two layers, an inner layer for comfort and an outer layer for durability. Proform athletic guards, which we recommend, are made of three laminated plastic layers and incorporate a shock transmitter behind the four most vulnerable teeth – the incisors.

    During your second visit, we will make sure the guard fits properly and give you instructions regarding its use and care. Brush your guard when you brush your teeth! Depending on the type, the use, and the degree of care, a guard generally lasts from three to ten years.